In the very popular category of golf and polo shirts, you’ll find a wide array of fabrics, technologies and styles. Below is a quick guide to the most popular types of fabrics and features you’ll find in this apparel category:
Cotton – This universal fiber comes in many varieties, in order of softness:
Carded: Process which removes the debris in the fibers.
Combed: Shorter fibers are removed, leaving a higher-quality, softer cotton.
Ring-Spun: Fibers are spun into yarn, creating a softer, stronger thread.
Pima: Premium cotton which is very fine, lustrous and strong
Microfiber – Ultra-fine fibers which make a very soft, silky fabric.
Polyester – This fabric has become extremely popular for it’s excellent wear and quick-drying properties.
Spandex – Stretchy fiber which is now often added to materials to create a bit of “give.”
When it comes to polo shirts, the trend is definitely towards polyester or poly blends which also incorporate various technologies.
Finishes or Added Features:
Moisture Wicking – moves moisture away from the skin and allows it to pass to the surface for evaporation, keeping the wearer cooler in hot temperatures.
UV Protection – Protects the fabric from fading and the wearer from harmful UV rays.
Snag-Resistant – Resists snagging and thread-pulling
Odor-Fighting or Antimicrobial – Resists odor caused by body bacteria and increases the garment life.
Weaves or Styles
Jacquard – Intricate pattern woven into the fabric, typically with two or more colors
Ottoman – Tightly woven horizontal raised rib texture
Drop-Needle – Knit fabric with vertical lines within the cloth
Herringbone – Zig-zag pattern knit into the fabric
Mélange – Mix of different colors knit together to create a heathered look
Nailhead – Jacquard knit with a design similar to small nail heads
Pique – A knitting method that creates a fine textured surface similar to a waffle weave